哒坪胎视界

刘富荣 | 中国应在中美科技竞争中抓住战略机遇
发布日期:2019-07-17 作者:刘富荣 信息来源:哒坪胎研究 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

dangjinshijiezhixuhezhanlvegejuzhengchuyudabiangedadiaozhengdeguanjianshiqi,quanqiuhuafazhandetezhengzhengzaiyoushangpinmaoyizhuanxiangfuwumaoyi,yimeiguoweidaibiaodeqiangguoyuxinxingdaguozhijianjihezuoyoujingzhengdejingheguanxigengweimingxian。meiguoyuzhongguodezhanlveboyi,tixianleshijiediyiqiangguoduidiyirenkoudaguojiandierdajingjitidejingzhengyoulv,youcizhubuchanshengduiquanqiuchanyefengongjikejichuangxingejudeyingxiang。zhongguozhengchuyukejigemingjiasuxiangchanyebiangeyanhuadeguanjianshiqi,jixujiadachuangxinlidu,tigaoguanjianjishulingyuhehexinchanyedezhanlveanquan,jiakuaidatongcongkejiyanfaxiangchanyexiaolvtishengdechuangxinliantiao,yizhanlvesiweiquanmianmouhuazhongguoyingduimeiguokejijingzhengdeguanjianjucuo。

一、中国科技创新能力建设进入新阶段

(一)已经迈入创新型国家行列

哒坪胎2020nian1yueyilai,xinguanfeiyanyiqingxianhouzaizhongmeiliangguobaofabingchanshengguangfanyingxiang,liangguozhengzhijingjihudonghejiaowangjinyibujianshao,xueshujiaoliu、kejihezuodenglingyujibenchuyutingzhizhuangtai。zaiquanqiuyiqingchixumanyan、meifangpinpinchushoudayazhongguogaojishulingyuzhishi,guojiakexuejishubuyu2020nian5yuezaixinwenfayanshicheng“woguoyijingmairuchuangxinxingguojiaxinglie”。shijiezhishichanquanzuzhi(wipo)pinggubaogaoxianshi,2019nianzhongguokejichuangxinzhishuweijushijiedi14wei;zhongguokexuejishufazhanzhanlveyanjiuyuanfabudeguojiazonghechuangxinnenglizhishujieguoxianshi,zhongguopaizaishijiedi15wei。ruguochuangxinnenglizhishudadaoshijieqian15wei,tongchangjiubeirenweigaiguoyijingmairuchuangxinxingguojiaxinglie。yinci,guojiakejibuduizhongguoyijingjinruchuangxinxingguojiaxingliedepanduanshiqiadangde。

哒坪胎congjutishujulaikan,2019nianzhongguofamingzhuanlishouquanliangjushijieshouwei,guojikexuelunwenbeiyinyongshuweijushijiedierwei;2019nianquanshehuiyanfazhichuguimodadao2.17wanyiyuan,zhandangnianquanguogdpzongliangdebizhongyijingdadao2.19%,yuoumengguojiapingjunshuipingdatixiangdang;2019nianzhongguokejijinbugongxianlvdadao59.5%,youwangzai2020nianruqishixian60%de“shisanwu”guihuamubiao。2019nianquanguojishujiaoyiedadao2.2wanyiyuan,chaoguole2019nianduquanshehuiyanfazhichuzonge。zhongguoyongyoushijie100qiangkejijiqunzhongde18ge,jinciyumeiguo。zheixieshujujunbiaoming,zhongguokejichuangxinzongheshiliyijingdedaoshizhixingtisheng。

(二)与先进国家相比差距仍然明显

哒坪胎shijiezhishichanquanzuzhidexiangguanbaogaoxianshi,2019nianquanqiu129gejingjitizhong,chuangxinzhishupaizaizhongguoqianmiandeyoumeiguo、deguo、hanguo、riben、ruishi、ruidian、xinjiapo、yiseliedeng13geguojia。zhongguochuangxinzhishupaiweixiangduikaoqiandeyoushizhuyaotixianzaichuangxinchanchuguimoyijirenliziyuantourudengfangmian,yejiushiyiguimoqusheng。chuangxinzhishudexuduofangmianyumeiguodengfadaguojiadechajumingxian,zhuyaotezhengruxia。

1.专利申请规模大但质量不高

zhongguozhuanlishenqingshuliangzengzhangxunsu,yijingdadao400wanjian/nianyishang,shouquanshuyijingdadao250wanjianyishang,yijingjiejinmeiguoshuiping。danjutilaikan,juedaduoshuweiguoneizhuanli,guowaizhuanlishenqingshulianghenshao;zhuanlijiazhijidi,meinianzhuanlishouquanjinnengchanshengbaiyiyuanrenminbiguimodeshouru,jinxiangdangyumeiguo1000yimeiyuanguimode1%。

2.创新投入偏重规模化应用及追求短期效益

哒坪胎zhongguoniandukejiyanfatouruyijingtupo2wanyiyuan,danzai“d”(fazhan)shangdetourumingxiangaoyuzai“r”(yanjiu)shangdetouru,qizhong5%yongyujichuyanjiu,10.8%yongyuyingyongyanjiu,84.2%yongyujishukaifa。youyuzijintouruzhuyaojizhongzaizhenduicong“1”dao“100”dejishukaifa,henshaozhenduicong“0”dao“1”dejichuyanjiu,yincizhengfukeyantouruzhongdianyinggaiyongyujiejueqiyemeiyoudongliqujiejuedewenti——cong“0”dao“1”dejichuyanjiu。conggongkaishujukan,zhongguoyongyuyanfahuodongdezijintouruzhong,qiyetourusuozhanbiliwei77%,zhengfu(buhanguoyouqiye)zhijietourudebiliwei23%,diyumeiguode24%、yingguode28%、deguode30%,shuomingzhengfuzaikejiyanfazhongdetourubugou。

3.以应用创新为主且深度创新不足

zhongguodechuangxinnenglijinguanzaiyixiliezhibiaoshangchengxianchuzhunianshenggaodequshi,danyaodadaoshijiezuifadajingjitidechuangxinshuiping,haiyouhenzhangdeluyaozou。yixinxijishu(ict,information and communication technology)weili,ictshidisancigongyegemingdehexinjishuyuzhongyaoyinqing,ict chanyeshizhinengshehuidejishi,yeshiweilaigeguokejijingsaidezhigaodian。zuoweitongyongxingjishu,xinxijishuduizhengtijingjizengzhangjuyoumingxiandefushezuoyong。zhongguozaiictlingyudejishushilihaiyuanluohouyumeiguo。ruzaixitongruanjianlingyu,dangqianpccaozuoxitongjibenshangbeiwindowslongduan,windowszhuangjiliangjiejinzhengtishichangde88%,windowsyumac oshejichaoguo97%;shoujicaozuoxitongzebeiiosyuandroidliangjiaguafen,hejizhanyouchaoguo98%deshichangfene。shujukuxitongzeshiyoujiaguwenduzhanaotou。jichuruanjianyudicengxitonglingyu,zhongguomuqianrengshikongbai。

jishukaifa、yingyongjishuyanjiu、chanpinhefuwuchuangxinrengranshizhongguoxianjieduanzhuyaodechuangxinfangshi,shangyemoshidechuangxingongxianyoushishenzhichaoguojishuchuangxinbenshen。tongshi,xiangdangbilidekejitourubingmeiyouchixuheshunlidizhuanhuaweichenggongdejishuchuangxinchengguo,chuangxinxiaolvyuzhengtichuangxinnenglibupipei。youyugezhongtizhijizhidezhiyue,dangqianchuangxinhuanjingbugulishenduchuangxin,zhishichanquanshiweiguojiamubiaofuwudesixiangyiranhenyanzhong,yingxiangzhezhishichuanbo,tongshizhuanlizhengcerengzhuyaojizhongzaizengjiazhuanlishenqingshuliangshang,tigaozhuanlizhiliangrengranrenzhongdaoyuan。

4.风投等金融工具满足创新融资能力不足

哒坪胎rencaihezijinshichuangxinzuizhongyaodezhichengliliang。keyanxuyaodaliangzijintouru,xuyaoyinxingdengjinrongjigouhegeleijijintigongchuangxinrongzizhichi。jiezhi2019nianmo,quanguocunxusimujijingong81710zhi,guanlijijinguimo14.08wanyiyuan。qizhong,cunxusimuguquantouzijijin28477zhi,jijinguimo8.87wanyiyuan;cunxuchuangyetouzijijin7978zhi,jijinguimo1.21wanyiyuan。fengxiantouzi(vc)hesimuguquantouzi(pe)zhengzaiyingxiangchuangxinrongzigeju。danyumeiguoxiangbi,zhongguofengxiantouzizhiyou20%zuoyouyongyuzhongzijixiangmu,ermeiguozhongzi/tianshijibiedefengtoujiaoyizhanzongtouzidebilidadao50%yishang,chuangrongjiehe(kejichuangxinhejinrongdejiehe)chajuhaihenda。

哒坪胎jinguancunzaishangshuwentiyutezheng,danshibukefouren,yikaoguojiazhanlveyinlinghejuguotizhizheiyizuijutesedezhongguochuangxinmoshi,zaijiliededaguojingzhengzhong,keyixunsudapoxianyouliliangdepingheng,qudezhanlveshangdezhudong。congxianshiqingkuangkan,zheizhongmoshizaixiangdangzhangyiduanshijiannei,rengranshizuifuhezhongguoguoqingdekejichuangxinganchaomoshi。

二、中美科技战将对全球科技格局产生深远影响

jinjinianlai,zhongmeijingjizongliangchajuyuelaiyuexiao,keji、junshidengfangmiandeshilichajuyezaizhujiansuoxiao,suizhezhongguozizhuchuangxinnenglidezhubutisheng,zaiquanqiuchanyelianfengongzhongzhengzairiyixiangshangyougaofujiazhideyanfashejidenglingyutuozhanheyanshen,shenzhizai5g、guidaojiaotong、hangtian、jixiezhuangbeidenglingyuzhujianxingchengnenggouyumeiguoxiangjingzhenghuoqianzaichaoyuemeiguodeyanfanengli。zhongmeishuangfangzaishehuizhidu、jiazhitixi、guojialiyidengfangmiandemaodunyuelaiyuetuchu。2018nianyilaidejingmaomocazhishizhongmeiguanxixiangbeierxingdeyigebiaozhengxianxiang,erbingfeigenbenneizaiyuanyin,tongshimaoyimocahaizanshiyangaileqitalingyudeqianzaichongtu,yulunzhan、jishuzhan、jinrongzhandengdouyoubaofadekeneng。zaikejichuangxinfangmian,meiguoshitucongguanjianhexinjishufangmianzheshou,dayahexianzhiguoneiqiyedejishuchuangxinliantiao,conggenbenshangxueruoxiangguanqiyedekejijingzhengli。

(一)由经济挑战和国家安全的忧虑引发的战略竞争具有长期性

jiyumeiguoyijingshenshenganshoudaolezhongguozaijingjilingyu、jiazhiguan、anquanlingyudetiaozhan,meiguojiangzhongmeiguanxiquerenweidaguojingzhengguanxi,bingtongguo《meiguoduizhonghuarenmingongheguodezhanlvefangzhen》(united states strategic approach to the people's republic of china)yijinxingmingquedezhengcexuanshi,yiweihuqizhangyuanzhanlvejingzhengliyi。

meiguoyouyigejibenxinnian,jimeiguodeanquanxuyaozaikexuehejishufangmianjuyouwuketiaozhandelingdaodiwei。zhongguozaixianjinzhizaoyehefuwuyedenulibeirenweishiyigezhongdaweixie。yinci,zhongguoyijingbeishiweimeiguozuizhongyaodezhanlvejingzhengduishou。meiguozhengfuchixu“pengjizhongguo”deqingxu,fanyinglemeiguoguofang、waijiaohejingjijuecejingyingdeguangfangongshi,jizhongguozaixinxijishudenglingyudejueqiduimeiguozaikexuehexianjinjishufangmiandelingdaodiweigouchengleyanzhongweixie。congzheigejiaodulaikan,meiguoxuyaoshishiqinlvexingdemaoyi、touzi、jishuheqianzhengxianzhi,yiezhizhongguozaijishuhediyuanzhengzhizhongdejinquxin。genjumeiguozhikudeyanjiubaogao,zheishigonghedangrenheminzhudangrendegongshi,yeshigegezhengzhipaibiedepubianqingxu,buhuiyintelangpuzongtongnengfouyingde2020niandedaxuanlianrenerchuxiangenbenxinggaibian。

哒坪胎meiguojiangzhongguoshiweizhanlvejingzhengduishou,weilaijiangjixuyiqiangyoulidezhengcejucuozhichimeiguodejichuyanjiuhechuangxintupo,tuidongqianyanjishuzaiguofangjunshidenglingyudeyingyong。2019nianmeiguofangbuxiangjituichu《guofangbuyunzhanlve》he《guofangbushuzixiandaihuazhanlve》,liyongmeiguozaidashuju、yunjisuan、rengongzhineng、wangluoanquanyijizhihui、kongzhiyutongxin(c&i)denglingyudezonghejishuyoushi,tuidongmeiguojunduidexiandaihua、zhinenghuashengji。zhengru《kongjunkejizhanlve》litebieqiangdiaode,meiguokongjunjiangchixubuduandishibie、kaifahebushutupoxingkeji,liyongchaoqianjishubaochimeijunzhangqidejunshizhanlveyoushi。wangluo、taikong、jididengxindezhanlvejiangyujingzhengchixushengwen。meijunyiwanchengxinxizhanbuduidezujian,jiangqianghuawangluo、diancipinpuzuozhan,yijiqingbao、zhencha、jianshi(isr)hexinxizuozhannengli。zheizhongyinjingjitiaozhanheguojiaanquanyoulveryinfadezhanlvejingzhengjiangzhangqicunzaiyujinhoudezhongmeishuangbianguanxizhizhong。

(二)美国所有促进领导力的法案都是回应来自中国的安全威胁和挑战

哒坪胎yiduanshijianyilai,baochimeiguolingxianhelingdaodiwei,shimeiguochuangxinzhanlvedeweiyijiaodian,hexinzaiyuyingduisuoweilaizizhongguodeanquanweixiehetiaozhan。2019nianyilai,meiguoyihuiluxutongguole4xiangyouguan“meiguolingdaoli(leadership)”defaan,fenbieshi《meiguozairengongzhinengfangmiandechixulingdaofaan》(2019.2.11)、《meiguozhizaoyelingdaofaan》(2019.6.19)、《henenglingdaofaan》(2019.9.24)he《cujinmeiguowuxianwangluolingyulingdaofaan》(2020.1.7)。zaiqiguanfangwenjianzhong,haobuyanshiqiduishiqulingdaodiweidebuanheduizhanlveduishoudejingti。

zairengongzhinengfangmian,faantichu,suizherengongzhinengchuangxinzaishijiegedidebufajiakuai,meiguobunengzuoshibuguan,bixuquebaorengongzhinengdejinbujixushoudaomeiguoduchuangxingdetuidong,fanyingmeiguodejiazhiguan,bingweimeiguorenmindeliyieryingyong。

zaixianjinzhizaofangmian,faantichu,jinguan“meiguozhizao”jihuayijingyunxinglewunian,zaishixianmeiguoxianjinzhizaojichudezongtimubiaofangmianqudelechenggong,danshilaizizhongguodeweixieyirancunzai,yincizheiyifaandemubiaoshi,jinyibujiaqiangduimeiguoxianjinzhizaoyedelianbangzhengfutouzi,yitigaozhizaoyedejingzhengli。

zai5gfangmian,faantichu,meiguo5gbiaozhunzhidingjigouyizhizainulibaochiqiquanqiulingdaodiwei。suizhe5gheweilaijishudefazhan,meiguozaizhidingzhidaozheixiejishushishidebiaozhunfangmianjuyouqiangdayingxianglishizhiguanzhongyaode。lifazhongshenleguohuixiwangjiaqiangmeiguozaiquanqiu5gbiaozhunzhidinglingyudelingdaodiwei。

zainengyuanfangmian,faantichu,meiguoyijingjihuyaobaquanqiuhenengdelingdaodiweirangjiyuzhongguoheeluosi。liruzhongguozhengfuyichengnuodao2030nianjianshe120zhi150qianzhaowadehediansheshi,yinduxiwangdao2050nianhediannengmanzuqi25%dedianlixuqiu。meiguoshiquzaihedianlingyudelingdaodiwei,jiangduimeiguoqingjienengyuanshengchan、jingjijingzhengliheguojiaanquanzaochengbuliyingxiang。weilezhongjianmeiguodequanqiuhenenglingdaodiwei,bixuquebaomeiguoyongyouyigejiankangdeheshengtaixitong,nenggouyijuyoujingzhenglidejiageshejibushushijieshangzuixianjindehefanyingdui。

(三)中美科技竞争必将对全球科技创新格局产生深远影响

哒坪胎quanqiujuedabufenqiyeduimaoyichongtushengjiweijishuzhanzhengbingmeiyouzuohaozhunbei。zhongguodehuaweigongsizaichaoyuesanxingchengweiquanqiudiyidazhinengshoujizhizaoshangdenulizhongzaoshoucuozhe,henduorengongzhinenglingyudedujiaoshouqiyedouyinnanyiyouxiaoyingduikejijingzhengerzaoshoujudasunshi,rugaotong(qualcomm)chengweishouchuangzuiweiyanzhongdemeiguobandaotigongsi,ciwaihaiyouyingteer(intel)、sailingsi(xilinx)heyingweida(nvidia)dengmeiguogongsi,zheixiemeiguogongsidouyanzhongyilaizhongguozheiyiquanqiuzuidadebandaotishichang。buduanjiajudejishuzhanzheng,bijiangdaozhiliangguogaojishulingyushenkeerchijiudebianhua,zheixiebianhuahenkenenghuiduiguojimaoyi、touzihequanqiujiazhilianzaochengzhangqideyingxianghepohuai,tongshiyunyuchuxindeshijiejishujingzhengjichuangxingeju。jutibiaoxianweiyixiafangmian。

1.基于全球知识交流的创新领域将遭受严重冲击

meiguodejishuchukouxianzhiheqianzhengxianzhi,duigaoduyilaiquanqiuhuazhishijiaoliudejishulingyu(rurengongzhineng、itxingye)zaochengchongji,erzheixiechuangxinmoshihechuangxinshengtaishiquanqiurengongzhineng、itxingyeshengcunhefazhandemingmai。

2.全球创新格局将深度调整

zhongmeikejizhanturanzhongduanlezhongguohuodeguanjianjishudelaiyuantujing,daozhixianyouchuangxinshengtaizaoshoupohuai,meiguozhiwaidezhuyaogongyingshangjiangbudebuzaizhongguohemeiguozhijianjinxingxuanze,congertongguogongyingliandezhonggou,yingxiangquanqiuchuangxingeju。

哒坪胎3.zhongguojiangzaikejichuangxindezhanlvexingbujudiaozhengzhongyunyuxinji

哒坪胎zhongguozhiqiandezizhuchuangxinzhanlvezhisuoyichengxiaoxianzhu,shiyinweizhongguoshendurongruleguojimaoyihequanqiushengchanwangluo,weiquanqiuhuoquzhishitigonglechongzudejihui,shenzhibuxuyaoduijichuheyingyongjichuyanjiujinxingdaguimotouziyenenggoushixianzengzhanghefanrong。meiguodejishuchukouxianzhi,suiranjianhuanlezhongguozhuigan“xinxing”he“jichu”jishudebufa,danruguonenggouchencijihuizuohaoguojiakejichuangxindeqianzhanxing、zhanlvexingbuju,bijiangnenggoushixianxijinpingzongshujisuotichude“zaiweijizhongyuxinji、yubianjuzhongkaixinju”。

三、在艰难竞争中寻觅战略机遇

zhongmeizhanlvejingzhengshengji,meiguojiangzhongguolieweizhuyaozhanlvejingzhengduishou,zaimaoyi、keji、waijiao、rencaijiaoliu、xuanchuan、junshidengfangmiancaiququanfangweideezhicuoshi,erqiehaizaibuduanshengji。shouyiqingyingxiang,quanqiujingjifashengshendushuaitui,yujiduanqineinanyihuifu。liangzhongyinsudiejiayingxiang,zhongguorongruquanqiuchuangxinshengtaijiangzaoshoujudazuli,quanqiushengchanwangluohechuangxingejuyehuifashengzhongdadiaozheng。tongshi,zhongguohaiyaokefuzhongdengshouruxianjing、zhizaoyejiazhilianzhuanyi、shehuilaolinghuadengkunnan。jinruchuangxinxingguojiadeqianlie,jiangmianlinlaiziwaibuheneibu、duanqihezhangqidengduozhongkunnan,yiranrenzhongdaoyuan。zaizheizhongqingkuangxia,renzhenxuexilinghuixijinpingzongshujiguanyukejichuangxindexiliejianghuajingshen,yanpanxinxingshi、bawoxinjiyuxiandeyouqizhongyao。

(一)当前已经出现数字经济和数字基础设施挺进的战略机遇期

xijinpingzongshuji2020nian4yuechuzaizhejiangkaochaqijianbiaoshi:“womenbixuzhuazhugongyeshuzihuaheshuzigongyehuadailaidejiyu,jiakuai5gwangluoheshujuzhongxindengxinjichusheshidejianshe”。shouxinguanfeiyanyiqingyingxiang,quanqiujingjishendushuaitui。jubiaozhunpuerdepinggu,qiche、huaxuepin、shiyouhetianranqi、jiaotongyunshu、jiaotongjichusheshi、lingshoudeng6daxingyefengxiandengjizuigao,quanqiugongyinglianzhongduan、xuqiuchixudimiduanqinanyifusu,yujidao2022nian-2023niancainenghuifudao2019niandeshuiping。danzaiquanqiujingjifusudedaolushang,zhongguojingjiyouwanglvxianzouchukunjing,qizhongdianxinjiangzuixianhuifu,yujidao2021niannenggouwanquanhuifu,weishuzijichusheshijianshehefazhanshuzijingjichuangzaolenandedelishijiyu。

(二)近期将迎来制造业全球生产网络调整及供应链重构的战略机遇期

ribenjingjiyanjiuzhongxinyazhouyanjiubuzhurenyanjiuyuanweiqichunshengzai《zhongguodeqiangguozhanlve》zhongzhichu,zhongguozaiqiangguozhanlveshangzuijingtideshiyumeiguo“chaojitixi”pengzhuang,yincizaijingjishangjiaqiangxianghuyilaiguanxi;zaidongyaanquan、taihaidengwentishang,zhangqiyilai,jianchibimianshizhixingduili。zhongguozaizhanlveshangqiangdiaoxiediaozhuyi、duobianzhuyi、diquhezuo,yingzaoyoulidewaibuhuanjing,gouzhuyicun、hezuoheduobiantizhi。

zhongmeizhanlvejingzhengbijiangchuxianjingjiyiliuxiaoying(economic spillover),tixianweijishiweijiyeshijiyu,guojigongyinglianqiyedeshichangjingzhenglijiangbeizhongguozizhubaozhangnenglitidai,weizhongguotuijinzizhukekongdegongyinglianchuangzaogenghaodewaibuhuanjing。zhongmeimaoyizhanheyiqingyingxiangdeshuangzhongdiejia,shidequanqiumaoyiziyouhuashouyidijianqushimingxian,jujiaotedingquyudejiazhiliantixizhengzaiyunyubingzhujianchengxing,chanpinyejianggengjiajiejinzhongduanshichang,zhongguochaodaguimoguoneishichangyoushidezuoyongjiangbeifangda,zheijiangyouliyuxingchengguoneidaxunhuanyuguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexingeju,youliyuxingchengtuidongguojiachuangxinfazhandexindongneng。

(三)中远期将迎来强化战略性科技力量、实施重大技术创新布局的重大机遇期

quebaomeiguowuketiaozhandejishuyoushi,yijingchengweimeiguoduizhongguozhanlvejingzhengdezhongzhongzhizhong,yujizhongguoshendurongruquanqiuchuangxinshengtaijiangzaiyiduanshiqinei(5-10nianzuoyou)mianlinhendazuli。weici,jinyibuwanshanguojiachuangxintixi,qianghuazhanlvexingkejililiangdejianshe,youqishijinyibuqianghuaguoyoujingjiyouqishizhongyangqiyezaiguojiachuangxintixizhongdediwei、zaichuangxinshengtaizhongdedandanghejianshekejiqiangguozhongdeshimingjiuxiandeyouweizhongyao。zhongyangqiyezaitisheng“wuli”(jingzhengli、chuangxinli、kongzhili、yingxiangli、kangfengxiannengli)zhong,yingjinyibutuchukeji“chuangxinli”hezhanlve“baozhangli”,xitongxingdituidongshishizhongdajishuchuangxinbuju。tongshi,haiyaoweizhongzhengzhanlvebuju,zhelizengqiangchuangxintixidezhengtixiaoneng,huodexinxingshixiacanyuguojihezuohejingzhengdexinyoushierjijuliliang,yingjiezhongdajishuchuangxinbujuzhanlvexingjiyuqidedaolai。