哒坪胎视界

陶黎敏 | 中日新能源汽车产业发展趋势及可借鉴的经验
发布日期:2018-09-20 信息来源:哒坪胎 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

一、日本新能源汽车产业发展现状和趋势

ribenzuoweishijieshangdisandajingjiti,yiqichukouzhizhuchanyeqichezhizao,zhubuchengweileshijieqicheshengchanhexiaoshoudaguo。2017nianribenqichebaoyouliangyue7800wanliang,anchengyongchetongjidemeiqianrenbaoyouliangwei486liang。quanqiuhejibaoyouliangyue132420wanliang,anchengyongchetongjidemeiqianrenbaoyouliangwei131liang。

哒坪胎zairiben,yibanqingxingchehexiaoxingchengyongchedouyiqiyoucheweizhu,gongjiaochehehuocheduocaiyongchaiyou,baokuoshengwuchaiyou,bufenxinghaojiaocheyeyoucaiyongchaiyoude。

哒坪胎ribenziranziyuanshifenkuifa,shiyou、tianranqidengchangyongnengyuangaoduyilaijinkou,yinci,gexinggeyeyizhizainulijianshaoduishiyoudeyilai。

60niandaichu,ribenqicheshiyongliangzhujianzengduo,qicheweiqipaifangguoduo,yinqileyanzhongdedaqiwuran,1962nian,ribenjishibanbule《meiyanpaifangguizhifa》,1968nianyoukaishishixinggengweiyangede《daqiwuranfangzhifa》qudaiqianzhe,zaiquanqiulvxianshedingbaokuoqicheweiqizaineidegeleiwuranwupaifangxianzhi。cihou,oumeiguojiayezhujiankaishiduiqicheweiqipaifangdeyangexianzhi,1970nian,meiguochutaile《masijifaan》。zai1992nian,ribenyoujiang《guanyujidongchepaifangdanyanghuawudetedingdiyuzongliangxuejiandengtebiecuozhifa》zuoweixindexianzhizhengce,zheiyeshiyixiangzhuanmenzhenduixuejianjidongcheweiqipaifangwentizhidingdefalvtiaokuan。zainiqiyijimingguwunanbudengdiquyouguandaqiwurandeyixiesusongzhong,difangfayuandoujiangxuanfukeliwudexirurendingshidaozhiwuranfabingdezhongyaoyuanyin。zheizhongweihaixingjidadexuanfukeliwu,dabufendoushibansuizhejidongcheweiqipaifangchansheng,tongshichanshengdehaiyoushifenbuliyurentijiankangdedanyanghuawu。zhihou,zai2001nian,falvdekongzhiwuzhizhongyoujiarulekelizhuangwuzhi。jiyuci,ribenyoubanbulexindefalv,ji《guanyujidongchepaifangdanyanghuawuyijikeliwuzhidetedingdiyuzongliangxuejiandengtebiecuozhifa》。2005nianzuoyou,ribendezhongxingchaiyouchepmpaifangliangyu1994nianxiangbi,xuejianle90%yishang,bingzaicihouyizhibaochijiaodideshuiping。

zairiben,xinnengyuancheyechengweihuanbaoche,qitongjifanchouzhuyaobaokuo5lei,fenbiewei:hunhedongliqiche(hev)、chadianshihunhedongliqiche(phev)、chundiandongqiche(ev)、ranliaodianchiqiche(fcv)、qingjiechaiyouche。

dalifazhanxinnengyuanqicheyouzhuyujiangdiqiyouranliaohechaiyouranliaodeshiyong,duiyuyingduiquanqiuqihouwenti、jianshaoeryanghuatanpaifangfahuizhexiangdangzhongyaodezuoyong。jinnianlai,yazhoudiqudezhongguohehanguodengguojiadeqichegongyezhengchuyukuaisufazhandeshiqi,zheiweiyizhichuyuqicheshengchanqiangguodiweideribendailaibuxiaodejingzhengyali。duiyuribeneryan,dalifazhanxinnengyuanqichejishiyouyuribenqichechanyeyizhichuyumingxiandelingxiandiwei,tongshi,yeyouyuqiwanshanqiefengfudejishujijingyanzuoweizhicheng,yeshiqizaidangqianxindejingzhenghuanjingxiajixubaochiqichexingyelingxiandiweideyouxiaofangfa。yinci,ribenjiaozaojiukaishibujuxinnengyuanqichedeyanfa。

哒坪胎1992nian,bentianhunhedonglicheinsightkaishifashou,5nianhou,fengtianhunhedonglichepriuskaishifashou。2009nian,ribenxinnengyuanqichexiaoliangzhanquanbuchengyongchede11.0%,2013nian,ribenquanguochengyongchedenianxiaoshouliangda456wanliang,qizhongxinnengyuanqichedexiaoshouliangdadaole104wanliang,zhanbizengzhangzhi23.2%,2016nianjinyibuzengzhangzhi35.6%。

muqian,youyurenkoujianshao、ranyouxiaohaogaishan、nianqingrenxiangdachengshijijudengyuanyin,zhishiribendejiayouzhanshuliangzaizhunianjianshao,youqishizaishanqujiqizhoubiandiqu,ju2017nian3yuetongji,yiyou12gecunzhenmeiyoujiayouzhan;tianranqichegouzhifeiyonggao,qizhanzhuyaoshezhizaidoushinei,erqiezaidongjing、dabanhemingguwusandadoushiquanyiwaidediquyoujianshaodequxiang,ranliaobujibufangbian,zhishitianranqichepujihennantuijin;ribenchuzhuzhaiyiwaidejisu/putongchongdianzhanyueyou3wanzuo,bingkeduyuanzhuzhaishezhichongdianqi,danzaigongyudengjitizhuzhaishezhijiaonan,yinxuhanglichenghechongdianyuanyin,evdepujisuduyebukuai;yinqingqiguanliguanzhi、qingqiyunshuyijiqingqizhandejianshefeiyongdengyuanyin,ribendeqingqizhanzhiyou100chuzuoyou,fcvchetuiguangyejiaoman。

tongshi,zaichuantongqiyoujiyingyonglingyu,ribenyijiangqiyouhuashengji、hunhedongliyanfayingyongjishufazhandaoleshijieqianlie,dafujiangdilechuantongqichechanyedeyouhaoshuiping,jibendadaole5sheng/baigonglidejingjiyouhaozhibiao。muqian,hevshiribenxinnengyuanqichedezhuyaochanpin,qizhanbidadaole95%,yifengtiangongsipriusweili,yinqijishuchengshu,zairibenguoneihehaiwaiyinqiguangfanguanzhu,shichangzengsumingxian。zairibenchengyongchezhanbizhong,hevshixianle2005nian1%、2009nianchaoguo10%、2013nianchaoguo20%、2016nianchaoguo30%dekuayueshifazhan。

jinnianlai,phevheevshichangzhujiandakai,kaishijinruquanmiantuijinxiaoshoujieduan,fengtianqichegongsiyitichusuoyouxiaoshoucheliangdediandonghuafangzhen,yujijinhoujiangyijiaokuaisudufazhan。chaoxiaoxingche、weixingchedengduozhongevchezhenggenjushiyongmudekaizhanshejiyanfa,zaidizhen、baoyudengziranzaihaiduofaderiben,evcheyeyouyidingshiyongyoushi,youwangchengweiweilairibenqichechanyedexindongli。

lingwai,fcvyezhujianchengweiribenxinnengyuanqicheweilaifazhandexindaoxiang。2014nianl2yue,fengtiangongsituichuleshoukuanfcv,jiangqimingmingwei“weilai(mirai)”,“mirai”juyouhenduoyoudian,birujiamanyixiangqingqizhixu3fenzhong,lianxuxingshilichengda650qianmi,yuanjihua2015niandeyuqichanliangshi700liang,danshangshibudaoyigeyuejiujiedaolel500duoliangdingdan。dajiapubianrentongqijiaqingshijian、xuhanglicheng、ranliaochengbendengfangmianyuneiranjiqicheqiyouchengbenshijunlidi,bingqiezaixingshiguochengzhongbupaifangrenhewuranwu,zhihuipaifangshaoliangshui,yincibeiyejiechengweizuijuyoushichangqianlide“zhongjihuanbaoche”。weiledadaokehuxuqiu,bentian、richandengqichegongsiyeyijingyanfabingtuiguanglefcvgainianche,danqishoujiajiaogao。tongshi,jiaqingzhanmuqianzhiyou100duoge,dangezhanjianshefeiyonggaoda4-5yiriyuan。yinci,ruhejiangdifcvdeshengchanchengbenhejiaqingzhandejianshechengbenmuqianyichengweidaguimotuiguangfcvdezhongyaoyiti。tongshi,ribenzhengfuduifcvdefazhanshifenkanhao,caiquleyixiliezhichizhengce,ruweigoucherenfafangbutie、jianmiangouzhicheliangshui、zengjiajiaqingzhanjianshecaizhengbutiedeng,jiangzheixiezhengceyouhuizuoweicujinxinnengyuanqichezhangqifazhandedongliyuan。

二、中国新能源汽车产业发展现状和趋

(一)中国新能源汽车产业发展现状

哒坪胎jinruxinshijiyilai,zhongguoqichebaoyouliangzhunianzengjia,shichangguimochixukuoda,nianxiaoliangyou2001niande237wanliangchixuzengzhangzhi2009niande1364wanliang,nianjunzengsuda24%,qichechanyeshouciweijushijiediyi。2010nianzhi2017nian,quanguoqichexiaoliangrengchixuzengzhang,younianxiaoshou1806wanliangzengzhi2888wanliang,danzengsumingxianfanghuan,nianjunzengsuyue7%。2018nianquannianxiaoliang2808wanliangrutu1,suishixianlelianxu10nianlingpaoquanqiu,danzailianxuzengzhangjin30nianhoudiyicijinglilexiahua,2019nianqian5geyuexiaoliangrengburu2018nian,xingyekaishilixinghuigui。

tu1  zhongguoqichexiaoliangjizengzhanglv 

juzhongguoqichegongyexiehuishujuxianshi:2016nian,woguozizhupinpaichengyongchedexiaoshouliangtongbizengzhang20.5%,zhanquanbuchengyongchexiaoshouliangde43.2%,bishangniantongqitigao2gebaifendian。2017nianchanxiaoliangzhong,zizhupinpaichengyongchexiaoshouliangda1084.7wanliang,tongbizengzhang3%,zhanchengyongchexiaoshouzongliangde43.9%,bishangniantongqitigaole0.7gebaifendian。2018nian,zhongguopinpaichengyongchegongxiaoshou998.0wanliang,tongbixiajiang8.0%,zhanchengyongchexiaoshouzongliangde42.1%,zhanyoulvbishangniantongqixiajiang1.8%。

chuantongqichegongyedefazhan,shirenmenchuxinggengjiafangbian,shenghuofangshiheshenghuojiezouzhujianjiakuai,dantongshi,huanjingwuranwentiriyiyanzhong,nengyuanwentiyezhujianxianxian。dalifazhanxinnengyuanqicheshiguojishehuiweijiejuenengyuan、huanjingheqihouwenticaiqudegongtongfangan,yeshiguojiqichegongyelingyuxinyilundejingzhengjiaodian。

duiyuzhongguoqichechanyelaishuo,tuiguangxinnengyuanqichefazhanyouzhuyuzhubutuijinjienengjianpai,tuichuxindeguojiajingjizengzhangdian,yijishixianxiangguanchanyeyuqiyeyoudadaoqiangdezhuanbian,tongshiyeshilajinyushijieqicheqiangguojulideyicifazhanjiyu。zhongguozhengfuyizhigaoduzhongshixinnengyuanqichedefazhan,zaizhengfudedalizhichixia,woguoxiangguanchanpinjishuwenbutisheng,renmenkexuanzedezhongleijipinpaizhujianzengduo,jichusheshijishebeijianshebuduanwanshan,yuceweilaiwoguoxinnengyuanqichexiaoliangjiangjixubaochijiaogaosuzengzhang。

2018nianwoguoxinnengyuanqichechanxiaoliangrubiao1suoshi,quannianleijichanliangwei127wanliang、nianxiaoliangwei125.6wanliang,zhanquanbuqichexiaoliangde4.5%,bi2017niantongqizengzhang61.7%。qizhong,xinnengyuanchengyongchequannianleijixiaoshouliangwei105.3wanliang,chundiandongchezhanjuleyue75%defene;xinnengyuankechehehuochedexiaoshouliangjihuquanbulaiziyuchundiandongche。

哒坪胎suizhexinnengyuanqichezaiwoguodedalituiguang,yulai、weima、xiaopeng、chehejia、yundu、hezhong、diankahebaitengdengxinxingzaocheshiliyizhujianxiangxinnengyuanqichechanyejinjun。2018nian,zheileixinshilicheqidexinnengyuanchezongxiaoliangda2.6wanliang,qizhong,yulaiqiche2018nianxiaoliangwei1.13wanliang,yunduxinnengyuanheweimaqiche2018nianxiaoliangfenbiewei7397lianghe3850liang,qiansanjiaxinshilicheqidexiaoliangzhanbizhihedadaole93%。

qingranliaodianchiqichezanshihaichuyushangyehuashifanyunxingkaohejiyingyongjieduan,2018nian,quanguoshifanyunyingcheliangchaoguole1500liang,zhuyaopinpaihechexingyou:dongfengteqiwuliuche、qingnianqichewuliuchehekeche、shangqidatongfcv80、shangqirongwei950ranliaodianchijiaoche、futiankechehezhongtongkechedeng,duojizhongyuqingnengchanyefazhankuaisudediqu,rushanghai、jiangsu、guangdong(guangzhou、foshan、yunfudengdi)、shandong(zibo、weifangdengdi)、hebei(zhangjiakou)dengdi。

(二)中国新能源汽车产业发展趋势

xinnengyuanjichusheshibuduanwanshan。duikuodaxinnengyuanqicheshichangyingyongqidaolejiaohaodetuidonghebaozhangzuoyong,jianchengyijizaijiandexinnengyuanqichechonghuandianzhanhechongdianzhuangdadoujizhongzaijingjinji、huadong、huanandengdiqu。congchongdianzhanshulianglaikan,shenzhen、beijing、hangzhou、guangzhousishifenlieqiansiming,congchongdianzhuangshulianglaikan,shenzhen、shanghai、hefei、beijingsishifenlieqiansiming。2017nian,quanguogongzengjiachongdianjichusheshi24.2wantai,2018nian,quanguogongzengjiachongdianjichusheshi33.1wantai,xiangbishangyiniantigaole36.8%,muqian,xinnengyuanzengliangchezhuangbizai3:1zuoyou,gonggongleichongdianjichusheshiwenbuzengzhang,suichepeijianchongdiansheshizengsujiaokuai。

哒坪胎tuiguangyingyongfanweibuduanjiada。2013nian11yue,caizhengbu、kejibu、gongxinbu、guojiafagaiweilianhefabule《guanyuzhichibeijing、tianjindengchengshihuoquyukaizhanxinnengyuanqichetuiguangyingyonggongzuodetongzhi》。2014nian2yue,sibuweifabule《guanyuzhichishenyang、zhangchundengchengshihuoquyukaizhanxinnengyuanqichetuiguangyingyonggongzuodetongzhi》。muqian,quanguofanweinei,leijiyou39gechengshihuoquyuyijingzhubukaizhanxinnengyuanqichedetuiguangheyingyong,zhuyaojizhongzaidazhongxingchengshi。chubutongji,zheixiechengshihuoquyujihuatuiguangdexinnengyuanqichezongshuyichao30wanliang,jingshenliangdizhanbizuida,fenbieshi35020liang、35000liang。qitadadaowanliangjijiyishangguimodechengshihuoquyuda11ge,fenbieshijiangsuchengshiqun、hebeichengshiqun、tianjin、xian、wuhan、zhejiangchengshiqun、zhongqing、fujianchengshiqun、guangdongchengshiqun、guangzhou、shanghai,qiyuchengshihuoquyutuiguangshuliangdouzai5000liangyishang。congshijizhixingqingkuangkan,gedibiaoxianbujinyizhi,danzongtishangjibenshixianleyuqimubiao。

哒坪胎caizhengbutiefangshiquyuheli。woguoxinnengyuanqichedetongjifanchouzhuyaobaokuophev、ev、fcvzhei3lei,zhengfudebutiezhengcezezhongdianjizhongzhichievdefazhan。butiezhengcezuizaozai2009niankaishishishi,mudeshiweiletichangsirengoumaixinnengyuanqiche。2013nian,youguanbumenjuedingjixushishibutiezhengce。2016niangaizhengcekaishituipo。2017nian,woguoxinnengyuanchengyongchequannianxiaoliangda56wan,qizhongbaokuo45wanliangchundiandongchengyongche,sirendegoumaibilichaoguoyiban,butiezhengcedechuzhongmudeyijibendadao。2019nian3yue,xinbanbutiezhengcechutai,guojiaduixinnengyuanqichedebutiebiaozhuntuipofududadaole50%,bingjiang6yue25rizuoweizhengcejiezhiriqi,butiezhengcezhubutuipo,2020nianyihouguojiabutiezhengcejiangquanmianquxiao。difangbutieyejiangzhubutuichu,2019nianbeijingshiyiquxiaodifangbutiezhengce。

哒坪胎butiezhengcedetuipozuiyoukenengzhijiedailaievchexiaoshoujiagedeshangfu,danmuqian,jiageyibushiyingxiangxiaofeizhejuedingshifougoumaideweiyiyinsu,xiaofeizhesuozaichengshishifouyouxiangou、xianxingzhengce,xinnengyuanqichechongdianshifoubianli,xiaofeizhezishenshifougengqiangdiaojienengjianpaihehuanbaolinianyichengweigengzhongyaodeyinsu。bujiuqian,guojiafazhangaigeweidengyouguanbumenlianhefawen,tichugedixutingzhiduixinnengyuanqicheshixingdexiangguanxianxing、xiangouzhengce。zici,butiezhengcedetuiposhievchemianlingengyanjunshichangkaoyandetongshi,yehuijiphevhefcvdengbutongjishuluxiandexinnengyuanqichetigongjiaohaodefazhankongjian。

zhichizhengcechixuheliyouhua。2019nianchutaidebutiezhengceduidonglidianchixitongnengliangmidu、chundiandongchengyongchexushilicheng、zhengchenenghaodengzhibiaojuntichulexindegenggaodeyaoqiu,mingquefuyoufuqiang,difangbutieyejiangzhuanbianweizhichichongdian(jiaqing)jichusheshi“duanban”jianshehepeitaoyunyingfuwudeng,zheixiezhuanbianbiaoming,guojiaduixinnengyuanqichedezhichizhengcegengquyulixing,gengshichanyegaozhiliangfazhandeyaoqiu,yeyouliyuduichongjiageshangzhangkenengdailaidebuliyingxiang。

哒坪胎suizhepuhuihonglijieshu、butiemenjiantigao、zhengcefuyoufuqiang,xinnengyuanqichedeluohouchannengjiangzaigeleicheqidehunzhanzhongzhububeitaotai,youqishineixiechongzhebutiezhengcecangcushangmadexiangmu,erneixiezunzhongshichangguihua、zhongshichanpinyanfalidu、jianggengduojinglifangzaishiyingxuqiu、jiangdichengbenhetigaoxingnengdecheqijianghuizuizhongshengchu。

三、可借鉴的经验

dangqianshijiegeguofeichangzhongshinengyuanhehuanjingwenti,xinnengyuanjishu、xinxijishu、hulianwangjishudengtuidongleditanjingji、lvsejingjidekuaisufazhan,chengweiguojiahequyujingzhenglidezhongyaotixian,quanqiujingjijinrulejishuchuangxindemijijieduan,dailailexindekejibiangehechanyebiange,woguochanyedefazhanhezhuanxingmianlinzhexindejiyu。

“shisanwu”qijian,woguojingjijinrulefazhanfangshizhuanbianhezengzhangdongnengqiehuandexinchangtai,guojiatichule“chuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiang”degaozhiliangfazhanlinian,woguochanyedefazhanhezhuanxingmianlinzhexindetiaozhan。

哒坪胎zaixinjiyuhexintiaozhandebeijingxia,woguoxinnengyuanqichechanyejiangjinruchixukuaisufazhandexinjieduan。weigenghaodishixiangaozhiliangfazhanmubiao,tongguoduiribenxinnengyuanqichechanyedexianchangxuexihejiaoliu,gerenrenweiyouyixiatihuikeyijiejian。

(一)健全制定法律法规,引导产业健康发展

哒坪胎duonianlai,ribenfeichangzhongshihuanbaochedefazhan,tongguochutaileyixiliezhanlveguihua、falvfagui、jishubiaozhundeng,laicujinchanyedekuaisufazhan。ribenhuanjingshengyu2009niangongbule《huanbaochepujizhanlve》 ,youyu2013nianfabule“ribenzhongzhenzhanlve”he“2014nianqichechanyezhanlve”,dalituidonghuanbaochedepuji,bujinjinxingcheliangjishukaifa,haiyaoduichongdianzhanheqingqizhandengjichusheshijinxingzhengbei。

ciwai,weicujinxinnengyuanqichechanyefazhan,ribenbanbuleduoxiangxinnengyuanjishukaifahejienengjishuliyongdexiangguanfalvfagui,laizhichixinnengyuanqichedetuiguangyingyong,zhuyaoyou《kezaishengnengyuanpeiezhifa》 《guanyucujinxinnengyuanliyongdengtebiecuoshifa》deng。ciwai,xiangguandefalvfaguiyetichuledipaifangchederendingbiaozhun,mingquegeleiqichejunkeyishenqingdipaifangchedejishurending。

哒坪胎yinci,jiejianribenjingyan,woguoyinggaijinyibuwanshanyuxinnengyuanqichechanyefazhanmiqiexiangguandefalvfaguitixi,zhidingfazhanzhanlve,mingquefazhanmubiao,zuohaojindujihua,chutaiyouxiaozhengce,yizhichixinnengyuanqichechanyedejiankangfazhan。

(二)深化政企交流合作,形成良性发展格局

哒坪胎ribengaoduzhongshizhengfuheqiyedexietonghezuo,zhizeqingxi,gesiqizhi。zhengfuzhuyaofuzexinnengyuanqichechanyezhengcedezhiding,yindaoqiyefazhan,zhenduibutongdejishuluxian,zhengfushizhongbaochizhonglidelichang,jiyuzixidefenxihecesuan,jiyuxiangyingdebutieheyouhui。duibidi4cihedi5ciribennengyuanjibenguihua,yijiliangciqingqi、ranliaodianchizhanlvejindubiao,keyifaxian,zhengfushizaichongfenzongjiegefangxiangguanshijianjingyandejichushangzhidingzhengce。erqiyezegenjuzishendejishutedianyoushi,yijiduiweilaijishufazhanqushideyanpan,xuanzeshihezijidejishuluxian,fengtianzhuyaozhuanzhuhunhedongliqicheheranliaodianchiqiche,richanzezhuyaozhuanzhuchundiandongqiche,jijiagongsigeyouzhuangong,zaichanyehuafangmianxingchenglejiaoweimoqidefengong。yucitongshi,zaizhengfudezuzhixia,jijiaqiyehezuoyanjiuxiayidaidianchi,binglianhechenglichongdiangongsi,tongyihuojianrongchongdianxieyihemoshi。

erzaiwoguo,zhengfuchutaiyigezhengce,wangwanghuiyoudaliangdeqiyefengyongershang,shenzhihuizuanzhengcedekongzi,xingchengexingfazhandejumian。jinxienianlai,zhongguozhengfudalituijinevchedefazhan,chutaigouchebutiezhengce、jianlishifanyingyongchengshi、dalixinjianchongdiansheshi、fuchidonglidianchichanye,tuidongleevchechengweiwoguoxinnengyuanqichechanyedezhuliu。dangqian,zhongguoyekaishibujufazhanqingranliaodianchi,bingzhujianchengweirechao。congzhongzhangqikan,woguoxinnengyuanqichechanyefazhanjiangkenengxingchengchundiandongheqingranliaodianchiliangtiaojishuluxianbingcundejumian。yinci,jiejianribendejingyan,woguoyinggaishenhuazhengfuheqiyedejiaoliuhexietonghezuo,chongfenfahuizhengfudeyindaozuoyongheqiyedeshichangzhutizuoyong,xingchengliangxingfazhandejumian。

(三)倡导节能环保理念,转变国民消费观念

shoudilihuanjingdezhiyue,ribenziyuanbingfuxiangduikuifa,dabufenyilaijinkou。yinci,ribenyizhiyilaidoudalitigaoguominjienenghuanbaodelinian,shilajifenleiguanlizuodezuihaodeguojia。yiyigekuangquanshuipingweili,jiuxuyaoanzhaopinggai、pingshen、shangbiaozhisanleifenleitoufang。zaiqichexiaofeilingyu,yechutaileduoxiangyouhuicuoshigulijienengchanpindeguangfanyingyong。liru,goumaihunhedongliqichepuruisi,keyixiangshoumianchuxinchequanbuqudeshuihezhongliangshuideyouhuizhengce,qitateshuchelianghaikeyijianmianyibandezidongcheshui,binghaiyoubuzhujinfangmiandeyouhui。

2018nian,woguoxinnengyuanqichezhanquanbuqichexiaoliangde4.5%,chuantongqichezaibaoyoulianghexiaoliangshangrengzhanyoujueduiyoushi,xiaofeizhezaigoucheshi“shexiaoquda”dexianxiangjiaoweipubian,xiaopailiangchexinggoumaixuqiuxiangduidimi,shichangfazhanqianjingkanyou,zheiyeshi2018nianzizhupinpaiqichexiaoliangzhanbixiajiangjiaodadezhongyaoyuanyin。

yinci,woguoyingxuexiribenjingyan,jiaqiangzhengfuduijienenghuanbaoliniandechangdaohezhengceyindao,tishengxiaofeizhejienengjianpaiyishi,zhuanbianxiaofeiguannian。duiyuzhongdaxing、tedaxingchengshi,haiyaozhuzhangfazhangonggongjiaotong,changdaohuanbaochuxing。xiangbiyubeijing,ribendedongjingrenkougengduo,danshihenshaoyouduche,jiuqiyuanyinjiushiyinweiribengonggongjiaotongtixifada。woguoxinnengyuanqichechanyedefazhan,yinggaijieheweilaichengshiguihua、guominchuxingfangshi、guojianengyuanzhanlvedeng,tongchoujishufazhanfangxianghejichusheshijianshe。