哒坪胎视界

唐智伟 | 日本东京都市圈交通发展及治理措施借鉴
发布日期:2018-09-16 信息来源:哒坪胎研究 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

chengshijiaotongshiyigechengshiyunxingdejibenbaozhang,yeshiyizhangchengshimingpian,zhijiefanyingchengshidezhilinenglihezhilitixixiandaihuashuiping。dongjing,ribenshoudou,zhengzhi、jingji、wenhuazhongxin,quanqiushijiejichengshizhiyi,lianxuduonianbeilianheguorenjushuhejingjixuerenzhiku(eiu)dengjigoupingweiquanqiuzuiyijudeshidachengshizhiyi,qizhongyigezhongyaoyuanyinjiushiyongyouwanshan、gaoxiao、bianjiedechengshijiaotong,chuangzaolechengshidaolubuyongdude“dongjingmoshi”。

zi2008nianaoyunhuiyilai,beijingjiaotongjichusheshijianshesuiranshixianlekuayueshifazhan,chengshidaolu、guidaojiaotongdeguimohezhiliangdoudafutisheng,danrengweizhihaojiaotongyongdude“dachengshibing”。genjugaodeditufabude《2018nianduzhongguozhuyaochengshijiaotongfenxibaogao》,beijingluwanggaofengxingchengyanshizhishu(chuxinglvxingshijian/changtonglvxingshijian)dadao2.032[1],xiangdangyuyinyongdufuchule2beideshijiandaijia。“tashanzhishi keyigongyu”,benwenqiwangtongguoshulidongjingzaijiaotongzhilifangmiandeyixiejingyanhezuofa,weibeijingjiqitachengshijiaotongfazhantigongyouyijiejian。

一 中日都市圈交通发展状况比较

(一)比较范围界定

哒坪胎yudongjingxiangguandekongjianfanweizhuyaobaokuodongjingdouhedongjingdoushiquan。

哒坪胎diyi,dongjingdou,shiyigexingzhengfanwei(jiribenshoudou),zongmianji2190.9pingfanggongli,renkou1351.5wanren。baokuoqubu(jidouxin23qu,dazhixiangdangyubeijingsan、sihuannei,mianji626.7pingfanggongli,renkou900wan)heduomobu(leisiyubeijingdejinjiaoquhexiangzhen)。

哒坪胎dier,dongjingdoushiquan,shiyouduogexingzhengquzuheerchengdequyu,baokuo1dou3xian:dongjingdou、shennaichuanxian、qiyuxian、qianyexian,junzaiyidongjingweizhongxinde80gonglibanjingyinei,mianjiyue1.36wanpingfanggongli(yubeijingshiyufanweijiejin,rutu1),quyuneizongrenkouyue3643.9wan。dongjingdoushiquanshidongjingdoujiqizhoubianjuminrichanggongzuohetongqindekongjianfanwei,duihenduodongjingreneryan,wangwangshizaidongjingdoudequbugongzuo,danshiquezhuzaizhoubiandeshennaichuanxianhuozheqianyexian,qizhong50gonglibanjingyineishizuizhuyaodetongqinfanwei。。gaiquyubujinbaohanlianpianjianchengqu,haiyoudamianjidenongtianqu、shanqu。

tu1  dongjingdouyudongjingdoushiquanguanxi

yinci,congdiyumianji、jingjiheshehuihuodonglianxichengdu、jiaotongchuxingfanweidengyinsukaolv,xuanzedongjingdoushiquanyubeijingshizuoweibijiaofanweigengjukebixing。

(二)东京都市圈与北京市交通状况对比

beijingshimianji1.64wanpingfanggongli,2017nianrenkouyue2171wanren,qichebaoliuyouliang590.9wanliang,daoluzonglicheng30662gongli,guidaojiaotongyunyingxianlu22tiao、yunyinglicheng608gongli。rubiao1suoshi,dongjingdoushiquanmianjibibeijingshilvexiao,danrenkoushibeijingshide1.68bei,renkoumidushibeijingde2.02bei,qichebaoyouliangshibeijingshide2.52bei,renjunbaoyouliangshibeijingshide2.52bei,daoluguimoshibeijingde3.79bei,luwangmidushibeijingde4.47bei,guidaojiaotongyunyinglichengshibeijingde5.88bei。dongjingsuirancheduorenduo,dandaolujiaotongqueyuanbibeijingtongchang,genbenyuanyinhaizaiyulianggechengshichuxingjiegouheluwangguimodejudachayi。

哒坪胎 biao1  dongjingdoushiquanyubeijingshijibenqingkuangduibi

哒坪胎shujulaiyuan:zhongguo、ribentongjinianjianhe2018nianbeijingjiaotongfazhanniandubaogao

genjubeijingshijiaotongfazhanyanjiuyuangongbude《2018nianbeijingjiaotongfazhanniandubaogao》[2],2017nianbeijingshizhongxinchenggongzuorichuxingzongliangwei3893wanrenci(hanbuxing,rutu2),qizhongjidongchuxing(ditie、gongjiao、xiaoqiche、chuzu)2262wanrenci,gonggongjiaotong(ditie、gongjiao、chuzu)zhanjidongchuxingdebiliwei58.7% ,xiaoqichezhanjidongchuxingdebiliwei41.3%。xiangbijiao,dongjinggonggongjiaotongzhanjidongchuxingdebiligaoda86%,xiaoqichejinzhanjidongchuxingdebilijinwei14%,zheijiuyiweizhebeijingxiaoqichechuxingbilishidongjingde3bei。

 tu2  beijingshizhongxinchenggongzuoributongjiaotongfangshichuxingliang

congluwangguimokan,dongjingdoushiquandedaoluzonglichengshibeijingshide3.79bei,luwangmidushibeijingshide4.47bei(rutu3),zhehechengweimianji,dongjingdoushiquanshibeijingshide2beizuoyou。danbeijingdaolukuanduchaoguo15myishangdeyuanyuandayudongjing(rutu4),tebieshigaosugongluhechengshikuaisudaolushidongjingde3.25bei[3]。zheishuomingdongjingdoushiquandedaolusuirandengjijiaodi、jiaozhai,danmidugao,weixunhuanfada,tongdaxingjiaohao;beijingshidaoludengjijiaogao、jiaokuan,danmidubugou,tongdaxingshouyingxianghuozheluwangjidongxingbugou。

tu3 beijingyudongjingluwangfenbutu

哒坪胎tu4  beijingyudongjingdaolukuandudayu15mdekongjianfenbutu[3]

哒坪胎youcikejian,beijingshichuxingcheliangduodandaoluziyuangongjiburudongjingdoushiquan,tebieshibeijingshizhongxinchengquqichebaoyouliangguodujizhong,jinyibujiajulexuqiuhegongjidebuxiediao,zhijiezaochenglejiaotongyongdu。

二 东京都市圈治理拥堵经验

20shijibajiushiniandai,ribenjiaotongyongduwentiriyiyanzhong。dongjingdouzhengfuyu2000nianchutaile《jiaotongxuqiuguanlidongjingxingdongjihua》,congjiaotongxuqiuguanlidejiaoduchufatichulesidaleigong9xiangcuoshi(rutu5)[4],yishihuifuxianyoudaoludechengzainengli;ershizizhuxianzhijiachechuxing;sanshicujinchuxingfangshixianggonggongjiaotongzhuanhua;sishijianshaoqicheshiyongpinlv。gaikuoqilaidongjingzhidujingyanwei“dishangdixiaqifali,ruanyingjianshigongzhidu”。

               图5  《交通需求管理东京行动计划》措施架构

(一)以停车费为杠杆调节小汽车使用量

哒坪胎《jiaotongxuqiuguanlidongjingxingdongjihua》dehexinshitongguojingjigangganyindaoshimindechuxingfangshi,zizhuxianzhixiaoqichechuxing,jianshaoqicheshiyongcishuhepinlv,kongzhilumiancheliangshuliang[4]。dongjingzhongxinchengqutingchefeishixingchabiehuaguanli,danzongtieryantingchefeishifenanggui。dongjinglucetingcheshixingyangede“xianshi”guanli,baisefangkuangmeicitingchexianshiyixiaoshishenzhibanxiaoshi,meixiaoshitingchefei300riyuan(herenminbiyue19yuan),erqiebufencheweimingquebiaoshijinxianhuoche,jinzhikechetingfang。lucetingcheyushijiangbeitietiao,chuyi1.5wanriyuan(herenminbiyue948yuan)defadan。luwaitingchefeiyongmeixiaoshigaoda600riyuanzhi1500riyuan(herenminbi38yuanzhi95yuan),gaoedetingchefeirangxiaoqichechezhuwangerquebu,zaijiashangribenzhengfujiguan、qiyejihubutigong“neibuchewei”,poshixiaoqichechezhubudebufangqizijiache,gaichenggonggongjiaotongchuxing。dongjingtingchehaicaiquleyixierenxinghuahedaoxiangxingdecuoshi,zaizhongxinchengquzhoubianjiansheledaliangtingchechang,shoufeimingxiandiyushiqu,yiciyindaowailairenyuanjiangcheliangtingyuchengshizhoubian,huanchenggonggongjiaotongjinruzhongxinchengqu。xiangbibeijingeryan,dongjingmeiyoucaiquxiangou、xianxingdengxingzhengshouduan,ershicaiquleshichangshouduanjinxingyindao,“chierbuyong”,jianshaoxiaojiaochechuxingbiliheshuliangshidongjingzhiliyongdudeguanjianyizhao。

(二)强化静态交通管理释放存量道路资源

哒坪胎weizhangluantingche、xiaoquzhoubian“jiangshi”cheliangzhangqizhandaodengxianxiang,youyuqinzhandaoluziyuanhegonggongkongjian,bujinyingxiangjidongchechangxing,erqiejiangdizixingche、xingrentongxingxiaolv,yanzhongraoluanjiaotongzhixu,chengweiyongdudezhongyaoyuanyin。jianshaoweizhangtingchedeyigezhongyaoqiantishitingchexuqiuyutingcheweiziyuandepipei。jinguanbeijingjinnianlaijiadaleweizhangtingchechufalidu,danxiaoguoyouxian,qizhongyigezhongyaoyuanyinjiushibeijingxiaoqichebaofashizengzhang,danlaojiuxiaoqujihumeiyoukaolvtingchesheshi,tingcheweidequekoudadao137wange,juminbudebuzhandaoweizhangtingche,juminduipinfantietiaozaoshouchufayuanshengzaidaoyouxianwunai。

ribenjinruqicheshidaixiangduijiaozao,tingchesheshijiansheqibuyejiaozao。1958niandongjingdouzhengfubanbule《dongjingdoutingchechangtiaoli》,mingqueleguidinggonggongjianzhushezhitingchesheshideyiwu,qizhongbaokuozongmianjichaoguo1wanpingmidedaxingjianzhu,yijishiyongmianjichaoguo2qianpingmidegongyushizhuzhai,bixuzaitongyichangdineishezhitingchesheshi。20shiji70niandai,weihuanjietingchenanwenti,ribentongguoshichanghuashouduan,kaishizai“cuntucunjin”dechengshizhongdaliangjianzaolititingchechang,jinnianlaizhubufazhanweigengweizhinenghegengweijieyueyongdidequanzidongjixieshilititingchechang,weichengshitigongjiaoweichongyudechewei,yeweidongjingshishipingcheweigouche、zhongfaweizhangtingchedengzhengcechuangzaoletiaojian。

哒坪胎suizhejingjikuaisufazhan,ribengedachengshiyejinglileqichebaofashizengzhangdeguocheng,tingchesheshicengjingyidugenbushangqichezengzhangjiezou,jiazhiyangchenglemianfeizhandaotingchexiguan、tingchefeigaoangdeyuanyin,dongjingcengzaijiaozhangshijianneimianlinjiangdaoludangmianfeitingchechangdekunrao。weigaishanluantingchejumian,dongjingzhengfucaiquleyanlidechufacuoshi。cong2006niankaishi,jingshitingpinyongminjianjianduyuan(daduoshituixiujingcha)zhililuantingche,duiweizhangtingchedechufayeyouzhiqiandekelinshitingche30fenzhonggaiweizhijiequdiweifalubianlinshitingche,putongjiaocheweizhangyicichufa1.5wanriyuan(herenminbi948yuan),kouliangfen(ribenjiazhaomanfen6fen)。zhongfazhixia,luantingchexianxiangmingxianhaozhuan,youxiaoshifanglecunliangdaoluziyuan,huifuledaolutongxingnengli。judongjingjingshitinggongbudeshuju,weizhangtingchechufacuoshishishijinianhou,dongjingzhugandaodeweizhangtingchexianxiangjianshaole81.5%,pingjunyixiaoshideduchejulisuoduanle40.5%,pingjunmei5gonglidexingcheshijianjianshaole10.8%,tingchechangdeshiyonglvyezengjiale21%[5][6]。

(三)发达的轨道交通系统保障公共出行需求

哒坪胎dongjingdoushiquanyongyoushijieshangzuifadadeguidaojiaotongxitong,jr(japan railways,ribentielugongsi)、ditie、sitiedengleijiyunyinglicheng3578gongli,gongyouchezhan1960zuo,zuchengledishang、dimian、dixiadelitijiaotongwangluo。zaiyitingchefeiweigangganposhijianshaoxiaoqicheshiyongliangdeqingkuangxia,dongjingdoushiquanguidaojiaotongyouxiaobaozhanglegonggongchuxingdegangxingxuqiu。dongjingdoushiquanguidaojiaotongyoujigetedianchengweixiyinkeliudezhongyaoyinsu:yishichengzuofangbian,dongjingzhongxinchengqu40%dequyukeyizaibuxing5fenzhongneidaodachezhan,80%dequyukeyizai10fenzhongneidaoda[4],erqiedixiakongjianxianghuliantong,quanmianshezhidiandongfuti、chuansongdaideng“renxinghua”sheshitigaolehuanchengdebianlixing;ershigongnenghuafenheli,jrxianhesitiezhuyaochengdanzhongxinchengquyushijiaodetongqinlianxi,sitiechengdanzhongxinchengqudegongjiaochuxing,yihuanxingdejrshanshouxianweiniudaikeyishixianwangluozhijiandezhitonghehuancheng,manzuledoushiquanfanweineijin、zhong、yuanbutongcengcidechuxingxuqiu;sanshichuxingchengbendi,piaojiazai150riyuanzhi1000riyuan(herenminbi9.5yuanzhi63.3yuan),yuanyuandiyuxiaoqichechuxingdetingchefeihechuzuchefeiyong(qibujiawei1gongli410riyuan,herenminbi26yuan;mei237mijiashou80riyuan,herenminbi5.1yuan);sishijiaotongshuniuhechengshizonghetirongweiyiti,dongjingfeichangzhongshiguidaojiaotongshuniuzhandezonghekaifa,zaiyinzuo、shegu、xinsu、chidaidengduogechezhandazaojishangwubangong、gouwuzhongxin、canyinyuledengyuyitidechaodaxingchengshizongheti,yejiangguidaojiaotongyushenghuoderonghezuodaolejizhi,chengzuoguidaojiaotongbujinjinshidongjingrendeyizhongchuxingfangshi,gengshiyizhongshenghuofangshi。

(四)文明出行营造良好交通秩序

ribenwenmingchengduheguominsuzhijiaogao,zheiyidianyefanyingdaolejiaotongchuxingfangmian。ribensijiyoulianghaodejiashixiguan,daolucheliangjiexuxingshi,jihuhenshaochuxianpinfanbingxianhe“jiasai”dexianxiang。zaihonglvdenglukou,xingrenhezixingchehuizijuepaiduidenghou,jihukanbujianqiangxingdexianxiang,sijidaolukouyehuitingchelirangxingren,zhidaozuihouyigexingrentongguocaiqidongtongxing。dongjingdajieshangyipianfanmangjingxiang,quejingranyouxu,chelianghexingrendouzijuezunshoujiaotongguize,wenmingchuxingqilezhongyaozuoyong。zheilibukai“congwawazhuaqide”guominsuzhijiaoyuhejiaotonganquanzhutijiaoyu。xiangbizhixia,beijingzaiyindaowenmingchuxingfangmianhaixuyaoxiadaliqi,birupinfanbingxianzaochengxiaoguaxiaocengjiaochangjian,xiaoshiguyinfadayongdu,tebieshibeijingchuxingfangshigengquduoyanghua,zixingchejiaoduo,jinnianlaisuizhekuaidixingyedefazhan,kuaidisanluncheyedafuzengjia,jifeihunxinggengweifuza,chengweijiaotongyongdudexinyinsu,xuyaoyinqizugouzhongshi。

三 东京都市圈交通发展的教训

dongjingdoushiquanzhiliyongdudechenggongjingyanduibeijingtishengchengshijiaotongzhengtiyunxingzhiliangjuyouzhongyaojiejianyiyi,dandongjingdoushiquankongjianguihuafangmiandejiegouxingquexian,yedailailetongqinshijianguozhangdengwenti,zheidianxuyaobeijingzaixinyilundechengshiguihuadiaozhengzhongxiqujiaoxunjilibimian。cong20shiji60niandaikaishi,weilehuanjiezhongxinchengqurenkouguodujujijijiaotongyongduzhuangkuang,dongjingdouzhengfushituyindaochengshikongjianbujucongdanzhongxinjiegouxiangduozhongxinjiegouzhuanbian,tongguogongnengfensandiaozhengjiaotongliuxiang,jianxiaozhongxinchengqujiaotongyali。dongjingdouzhengfutichuguihuajianshechengshifuzhongxin,yituojrshanshouxiandazaole“yiheqixin”,jishanshouxianyineiweihexinqu,yishanshouxianchuanlianqigefuzhongxin,fenbieweixinsu、chidai、segu、shangye-qiancao、daqi、jinmiding-guihuyijibinhaifuzhongxin。zhei7gefuzhongxinzhengchuzaishanshouxianyushijiaotieludejiaohuichu,mingfuqishidechengweileshangye、bangong、yulehejiaotongshuniuzhongxin,zaiyidingshiqineifensanlehexinqudejiaotongyali。

哒坪胎tu6  dongjing“yiheqixin”jiegou

哒坪胎danfuzhongxindeshelimeiyouhenhaodijiejuezhizhupinghengdewenti,dongjingqubu600duopingfanggonglishangyeyongdidebilijiaogao,yidongjinghuochezhanweihexin,zaishigonglifanweinei,jiuyegangweihejiuyerenkoudechazhishi300duowan,yejiushishuowaiweidagaimeitianyou300duowanderenyaojinruhexinqushangban[7]。daliangshangbanzujuzhuzaidongjingdouzhoubiandeshennaichuan、qiyu、qianyesangexian,zheijiuxingchenglesuoweide35gonglizhi80gonglitongqinquan(rutu7)。youyu7gefuzhongxinxiangjubuyuan(jrshanshouxianyue30duogongli),suizheshijiantuiyi,zhubulianmianchengpian,“yiheqixin”zaimouzhongyiyishangxingchenglegengdafanweidechengshidanzhongxinjiegou。zheizhongzhizhuyanzhongshihengdedanzhongxinjiegouzaochengledaguimo、chaoxishi、zhangjulidetongqinjiaotong,zaowangaofengguidaojiaotongshifenyongji,xiaohaozaishangxiabanlushangdeshijianguozhang。yinci,dongjingsuichukejianxingsecongcongdeshangbanzu,chengshijiezoujiaokuai,zaiyidingchengdushangyingxiangleyijuxing。

哒坪胎tu7  dongjingdoushiquanzhoubianchengzhenfenbuqingkuang

四 北京市缓解交通拥堵的建议

jingguoduoniandefazhan,beijingshijiaotongjichusheshimaishangxintaijie,jianyixiayibuxiqudongjingchengshifazhandejiaoxun,chongfenjiejianjiaotongzhilifangmiandexianjinjingyan,yifangmianjinyibuwanshanguidaojiaotong、chengshidaolu、tingchesheshidengyingjiansheshi,zengqiangjiaotonggongjinengli,lingyifangmianzheligaishanjiaotongguanliruanhuanjing,tishengjiaotongzhilishuipinghenengli,shuangguanqixia,ruanyingjianshi,dazaogaozhiliangchengshijiaotongxitong。

(一)抓住机遇调整城市功能分区

helibujuchengshifazhankongjian,mingquegequgongnengdingwei,shixianzutuanneibuzhizhupinghengshijiejuejiaotongwentidegenbencuoshi。beijingshiyaozhuazhuguojiashishijingjinjixietongfazhanzhanlvedezhongdajiyu,jinjinniuzhushujiebeijingfeishoudougongnengdeniubizi,jiehetongzhoufuzhongxinhexionganxinqujianshe,chongfenliyongtengtuikongjian,youhuadiaozhengzhongxinchengqugongnengdingwei,xiediaojiuyehejuzhudeguanxi,tuijinzhizhupinghengfazhan,jianshaobutongzutuanjiandejiaotongliuliang。

(二)优化限行、限购政策

beijingshituijinxianxing、xiangouzhengcejin10nianlai,yanhuanlechengshiyongdu,danxiaoqichebaoyouliangrengyimeinianyue12wanliangzuoyoudesuduzengzhang,zongliangzengzhangchaoguo100wanliang,zaihendachengdushangdixiaolexianxingdezuoyong。zhudongkongzhixiaoqichechuxing,jianshaolumianjiaotongyalishizaibixing,dongjing“chierbuyong”dejiaotongxuqiuguanlicelvezhidejiejian,beijingyingjinyibujiadahexinquyuxiaoqicheshiyongchengben,yindaogongjiaochuxing。

(三)加快构建多层次轨道交通

beijingshiyaojinyibuwanshanguidaojiaotongxianwangbuju,shidujiamizhongxinchengquluwang,tigaoguidaojiaotongdekedaxinghebianlixing,datongchuxing“zuihouyigongli”。tongshi,shiyingduoyuanhuadejiaotongchuxingxuqiu,goujianda、zhong、xiaoyunlianggesiqizedeguidaojiaotongxitong。jiakuaishiyukuaixian、chengjitieluheshijiaotielufazhan,xingchengyoujixianjiededuocengciquyuguidaojiaotongtixi,zengqiangzhongxinchengquyutongzhoufuzhongxin、xionganxinqujizhoubiandiqudelianxi。

(四)集中力量疏导城市交通堵点

liyongchuxingdashujuzhuyipaichaquanshijiaotongdudianfenbuqingkuang,jinyibushenrufenxiyongduchengyin,caiquzhenduixingdezhidushudaocuoshi。liru,beiwuhuanlaiguangyingqiaozhigujiazhuangqiaoluduanchangtaihuayongdu,jiuqiyuanyinshizaibudao1gonglidefanweineishezhilelianggegaosugongluchukouheyigezhuganluchukou,wuhuanluheliuquzhangdubuzu,cheliangbingxianxianghuganrao,yanzhongyingxiangtongxingnengli。leisizheiyangdejiaotongdudian,yinglieruzhongdianzhengzhifanwei,tongguogaizaodaolu、youhuajiaotongzuzhi、jiaqiangxinxiyoudaodengcuoshijinkuaiyuyijiejue。

(五)加大动态、静态交通治理力度

beijingshiyaonulichengweiquanguodongtai、jingtaijiaotongzhilideyangbanchengshi。dongtaijiaotongzhongdianzhilisuiyibingxian、jiasaichadui、lukouqiangxing、jiashituzhongjietingdianhuahuowanshoujidengxingwei。tongshi,jijigaishanzixingchehebuxingtiaojian,guifanjifeihunxingzhixu,jiangkuaidisanlunche、zixingche、diandongmotuochenarujiaotongfaguitixi,mingqueweifaxingweihechufacuoshi,jiadafeijidongcheweifazhifalidu。jingtaijiaotongfangmian,jiakuailaojiuxiaoquzhoubiantingchesheshijianshe,jijiyindaoshehuizibentouzi、jianshe、yunyingtingchesheshi,guliyongdijinzhangquyujianshezhinenglitigonggongcheku,zengjiatingcheziyuangongji,huanjietingchenanwenti。zaicijichushangjinyibuzhengzhiluantingchexianxiang,tebieshiduilucetingcheshixingjingxihuaguanli,ruxiaoquzhoubianbufenjiaozhaidaolushixingfenshiduantingche,zao7:00-wan10:00cheliuliangjiaodadeshiduanjinting,tigaodaolutongxingnengli;wan10:00-cirizao7:00yunxuzhoubianjuminzaizhidingquyutingche,weijumintingchetigongbianli。

(六)大力倡导文明出行

哒坪胎tongguogezhongqudaojiaqiangwenmingchuxinghejiaotonganquandexuanchuanjiaoyu,yingzaozunshoujiaotongguize,weihujiaotongzhixudeshehuifengshang。jiangwenmingchuxingzuoweishehuigongdejiaoyudezhongyaoneirong,conghaizizhuaqi,jiujiuweigong,yinianjiezheyiniangan,yidaijiezheyidaigan,rangzunshoujiaotongguizechengweixiguan。ciwai,yeyaoshidangcaiquyouxiaocuoshiyindaowenmingchuxing(rubuliangjiaotongxingweiyugerenxinyongguagoudeng)。

参考文献

哒坪胎[1] gaodeditufabu.2018nianduzhongguozhuyaochengshijiaotongfenxibaogao[r].

[2] beijingshijiaotongfazhanyanjiuyuan.2018nianbeijingjiaotongfazhanniandubaogao[r].

[3] liyan、wangfang.beijingderenkou、jiaotonghetudiliyongfazhanzhanlve: jiyudongjingdoushiquandebijiaofenxi[j].jingjidili,2017,37(4):5-14.

[4]lichunli,zhangzhongyun.qicheshehuichengbenzhongdejiaotongyongdujilifenxiyu“dongjingmoshi”[j].qicheanquanyujienengxuebao,2015,6(2):103-118.

哒坪胎[5]zhangxuan.duidongjingzhengzhichengshijiaotongyongduzhengcedefenxiyuyanjiu[j].chengshiguanliyukeji.2015(3):78-81.

哒坪胎[6]chengyuhang,chenning.“ruanying”jianshi duoguanqixia:dongjingzonghezhidudedaodao. laoqujianshe [j]. 2018(17): 84-87

[7]liulongsheng.dongjingdoushiquanchengshiheguidaofazhandeqishi[z].wuhanchengshiyanjiuwangluo.2016.11